Minnesota is a home to more than 40,000 thousand immigrants from Africa and most of those people came to Minnesota from 1991 to present day. Some of them have languages barriers, developed and experiences uncertainty diseases, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, alcohol and drugs abuse, mental health issues, overweight, obesity, and sickle cell anemia disease. Not only health related problems that immigrants are experiencing, but also social and economic burdens. Because of these problems, GmTc strived to provide basic services including health screening testing, health education, language translation, and financial related advising for participants. Further upon heath screening; if found necessary, GmTc would serve as a referral agency to hospital or clinics. GmTc also will provide health education about how to control weight, eat healthy diet/nutrition, and help with transportation to clinics or hospital for appointment.
Our program basic health screening test includes:
Hyperglycemia (High Blood Glucose)
According to American Diabetes Association; Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly. A number of things can cause hyperglycemia, most common types: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, “Diabetes” also called diabetes mellitus
Risk factors for diabetes depend on the type of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes.
It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin in the body.
Exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown but factors that may increase risk are:
The presence of damaging immune system cells (autoantibodies)
Type 2 diabetes
It is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose).
Overweight: The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
Inactivity: The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
High blood pressure: Having blood pressure (B/P) over 140/90 is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes
Family history: Risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes
Race: Being blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans — are at higher risk.
Age: Risk increases as we get older
A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes
It is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant woman. When woman developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy; risk of developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes later increases.
Giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms), also increase risk of type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe.
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
If blood sugar level drops below normal range, there must be many reasons, including skipping a meal and getting more physical activity than normal.
Look out for signs and symptoms of low blood sugar including:
Low blood sugar is treated with quickly absorbed carbohydrates, such as fruit juice or glucose tablets.
Blood Sugar Chart
Fasting Value (mg/dl)
Post Prandial (mg/dl)
Value 2 hours after consuming glucose
Less than 140
140 to 200
More than 126
More than 200
Basically, normal Blood Sugars level is between 70 and 99 mg/dL
High Blood sugar is above 100 mg/dL
Low blood sugar is below 70mg/dL
Body Mass Index:
Based on height and weight would be described as normal weight or overweight.
Body mass index (BMI) is a tool to estimate the normal weight range of a person based on their height. It is widely used to identify people who are overweight or obese and is a very approximate guide to the percentage of body fat. BMI is defined as body weight divided by the square of your height (in kilograms per square meter).
A Body Mass Index between 18.5 and 25.0 is considered normal. BMI is only one of several factors which are used to assess health risks. If you have concerns about your weight, or how it might affect your general health and risk from disease, you should consult a qualified physician.
Is a Clinical measurement; specifically Pulse rate, Temperature, Respiration rate, and Blood Pressure, that indicate the state of a patient’s essential body function.
Normal BP 120-130/70-80 mmHg
Normal Temperature: 37C or 98.6 f
Normal pulse Rate:
Female: 55-95 bpm
Male: 50-90 bpm
Normal Respiration Rate:
12-30 breaths per minute
There are two types of Cholesterol LDL (Bad) Cholesterol and HDL (Good) Cholesterol.
LDL (Bad) Cholesterol
LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol because it contributes to plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can clog arteries and make them less flexible. This condition is known as atherosclerosis. If a clot forms and blocks a narrowed artery, heart attack or stroke can result. Another condition called peripheral artery disease can develop when plaque buildup narrows an artery supplying blood to the legs.
HDL (Good) Cholesterol
HDL cholesterol is considered “good” cholesterol because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from the arteries. Experts believe HDL acts as a scavenger, carrying LDL cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver, where it is broken down and passed through the body. One-fourth to one-third of blood cholesterol is carried by HDL. A healthy level of HDL cholesterol may also protect against heart attack and stroke, while low levels of HDL cholesterol have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease